Pressure on feet is one of the leading causes of foot problems. For instance, pressure caused by tight fitting footwear causes painful foot corns. Foot corns are areas of multi-layered skin under or between the toes. Foot corns are our bodies’ own way to resist excessive pressure. Our body provides resistance to excessive pressure by thickening the skin at the points where the pressure is maximum which in turn leads to painful foot corns.
Though foot corns are caused mainly caused by ill fitting shoes. Other causes can also lead to painful foot corns, these include improper walking styles, hammer toe or other bony prominences. Treating foot corns is the most common job of a podiatrist. Foot corns must be treated as early as possible because a not-so-dangerous foot corn may lead to severe infection or abscess
If not treated at the early stage. Many people affected by painful foot corns try self treatment by cutting foot corns or applying over-the-counter ointments or corn plasters. This may be dangerous as often cutting foot corns by untrained hands can lead to accidental wounds. This opens the door for infections to thrive within the hot humid environment of their shoes.
Ointments are safe as long as the corn is not infected by poor cutting. Actually, a lot of the ointments work very well. However, be careful to use the ointments as instructed on the label. Self treatment isn’t for everyone, so for those who do not have confidence in their abilities, it would be smart to follow the instructions of a certified podiatrist.
A podiatrist duty is to first identify the root cause of foot corn and then following the right foot corn management policy. A podiatrist advices his patient upon correct fitting of shoes and also decides whether padding of foot to prevent pressure under feet is required or not. He also advices whether surgery is required in cases of bony prominence to relieve points of excessive pressure.
Painful foot corns can be avoided by wearing correct footwear which do not apply much pressure and are well fitted around toes. Also, maintaining proper foot hygiene and seeking podiatric advice regularly are important steps to prevent foot corns.